Crime, Social issues

Crime

  1. Introduce
  2. Types of crime
  3. Investigation, at the court = trial
  4. Type of punishment

 

  1. Introduce
  • Crime is an action, which is against the law.
  • We have many types of crime.
  • We have minor crimes and serious crime.

 

  1. Types of crime
    • Crimes are divided according to their importance.
    • We have minor crimes and serious crime.

 

  • A minor crime is a criminal offense that is less serious than a felony. For example:

 

  • Traffic offences – jump the lights.
  • Vandalism – it’s a destruction of public or private property.
  • Drug dealing – selling of illegal drugs.
  • Racism – it’s a discrimination against someone of a different race based on the belief that one race is superior.
  • Bully – offending, mocking and intimidating somebody.
  • Cyberbuly – the same through the Internet (social sites, mobile).
  • If you commit an offense you have to pay a fine.
  • Then there are serious crimes, that we can divided on crimes against property and violent crimes.
  • Crimes against property:
  • Burglary – is illegal entry into a building.
  • Theft – stealing something.
  • Forgery – is the process of making, adapting, or imitating objects, statistics, or documents. It’s illegal.
  • Fraud – it’s a cheat with money.
  • Shoplifting – its theft in shops.
  • Bribery – act of giving or accepting money for personal purposes.
  • Robbery – is the crime of taking or attempting to take something of value by force (they can put the victim).
  • Smuggling – illegal transportation of something (drugs).
  • Violent crimes:
  • Blackmail – type of crime when criminal kidnap someone and want ransom.
  • Hijacking – is the taking away of airplane.
  • Kidnapping – is the taking away or transporting of people against their will, kidnappers want ransom = money.
  • Mugging – a type of street robbery.
  • Murder – killing someone.
  • Rape – sexual attack.
  • Terrorism – the use of violence to intimidate, especially for political purposes.
  • Arson – set something on fire (house, car).
  • Assassination – killing secretively, especially a politically prominent person.
  • Manslaughter – it’s unintentionally killing.

 



  1. Investigation, at the court
  • When someone commits a serious crime, the police start investigation.
  • They search for clues like fingerprints, blood stains, hairs and witnesses.
  • They are questioning suspects and when they have enough evidence, they accuse and arrest him.
  • They keep the criminal in custody until the trial.
  • The trial takes place in a courtroom.
  • The criminal who is on trial is called defendant and the second side is prosecution.
  • Both sides have lawyers.
  • Lawyer of defendant is known as the defence. The defence calls witnesses to give evidence.
  • The prosecution tries to prove that the defendant is guilty. They call witnesses who give evidence against him.
  • The jury listens to all the evidence and decides whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty.
  • They then give their verdict.
  • If the defendant is found guilty the judge passes sentence.
  • Sentence is official punishment, especially a period of time in prison.

 

  1. Types of punishment
  • The highest punishment is death penalty (capital punishment), which is not allowed in CR.
  • Then we have life sentence – defendant is sentenced to life.
  • Imprisonment – defendant is sentenced for example to 2 years of imprisonment.
  • Probation – the person doesn’t go to the jail, but he can’t do something even little against the law.
  • Community service – the person have to do some work.
  • If the defendant is found not guilty, he is acquitted and released.

 

  1. Social problems
  1. Unemployment
  2. Terrorism
  3. War
  4. Drug abuse
  5. Poverty
  6. Domestic violence

 

  1. Unemployment
  • In the Moravian – Silesian region, where I live, it is one of the biggest problems.
  • After the closed down industry companies, many people lost their job.
  • They had to retrain a try to find another job.
  • A lot of people have to leave their homes and go to another city or other countries to get work and earn some money.
  • If they can’t find job, they can became homeless – they have no place to live.

 

  1. Terrorism
  • Its serious problem.
  • The general purpose of terrorism is to stimulate some kind of change from government.
  • Organizations have specific political goals that they are trying to achieve.
  • For example they want change of president, remove the system of government or religious problems.
  • Terrorist organizations are infamous for using violence – bombings and killing.
  • Al – Qaeda – infamous for their attacks on the World Trade Center in the USA on 11. September 2001.
  • IRA – Irish Republican Army, organization striving for the independence of Northern Ireland.

 

  1. War
  • Nowadays we have many organizations that defend breaking out war conflicts.
  • Despite the organizations there are some conflicts like Russia x Ukraine or ISIS.
  • I think that main problem is that some states own nuclear weapons (N. Korea, USA).

 

  1. Drug abuse
  • We can divide drugs into 2 groups:
  • Hard drugs (LSD, meth, ecstasies, cannabis, cocaine, heroin).
  • Soft drugs (nicotine, alcohol, caffeine).
  • Drugs are addictive, people become drug addict.
  • They have influence on the central nervous system.
  • The main problem of the drugs is that they may cause death.

 

  1. Poverty
  • Poverty is the worst problem in Africa.

 

  1. Domestic violence
  • Domestic violence and emotional abuse are behaviors used by one person in a relationship to control the other.
  • Partners may be married or not married; heterosexual, gay, or lesbian; living together, separated or dating.
  • Violence can be criminal and includes physical assault (hitting, pushing, shoving, etc.), sexual abuse (unwanted or forced sexual activity), and stalking.
  • Although emotional, psychological and financial abuse are not criminal behaviors, they are forms of abuse and can lead to criminal violence.

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